United Nations Principles and Guidelines on Access to Legal Aid in Criminal Justice Systems (A/RES/67/187)
United Nations Principles and Guidelines on Access to Legal Aid in Criminal Justice Systems
The General Assembly,
Recalling the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,1 which enshrines the key principles of equality before the law and the presumption of innocence, as well as the right to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, along with all the guarantees necessary for the defence of anyone charged with a penal offence, other minimum guarantees and the entitlement to be tried without undue delay,
9 May 2013 – The upcoming elections in the Maldives represent an important opportunity to move forward with its democratic transition, a senior United Nations official stressedtoday, as he wrapped up a three-day visit to the country.
“We are at a critical juncture in the Maldives, and the forthcoming elections will be an important step in its democratic transition,” Oscar Fernandez-Taranco, Assistant Secretary-General for Political Affairs, told reporters in the capital, Malé.
He encouraged all stakeholders to ensure the conditions for free, fair, inclusive, credible and non-violent elections when voters in the South Asian nation go to the polls to elect a new president on 7 September.
Human rights in the administration of justice
The General Assembly,
Bearing in mind the principles embodied in articles 3, 5, 8, 9 and 10 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights1 and the relevant provisions of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Optional Protocols thereto,in particular articles 6, 7, 9 and 10 of the Covenant, the Convention on the Rights of the Child,in particular articles 37, 39 and 40, and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,as well as all other relevant international treaties,
Calling attention to the numerous international standards in the field of the administration of justice,
VIOLATING CHILDREN'S RIGHTS: Harmful practices based on tradition, culture, religion or superstition - A report from the International NGO Council on Violence against Children
All violations of children’s rights can legitimately be described as harmful practices, but the common characteristic of the violations highlighted in this report is that they are based on tradition, culture, religion or superstition and are perpetrated and actively condoned by the child’s parents or significant adults within the child’s community. Indeed, they often still enjoy majority support within communities or whole states.