Joint report of the Special Rapporteur on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography and the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Violence against Children
The present report is submitted pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 13/20 entitled “Rights of the child: the fight against sexual violence against children”. It provides an overview of accessible and child-sensitive counselling, complaint and reporting mechanisms to address incidents of violence, including sexual violence and exploitation, and draws attention to positive developments and persisting challenges. The report also highlights legal obligations, roles and responsibilities of State institutions and other key stakeholders, and makes recommendations for the strengthening of these mechanisms to safeguard children’s right to freedom from all forms of violence.
This initial report of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on violence against children is submitted to the General Assembly in accordance with its resolution 64/146.
On 1 September 2009, Marta Santos Pais assumed her position. In the present report, she recalls the history leading up to the establishment of her position and the scope of her mandate, as defined by the General Assembly in resolution 62/141. She outlines her vision and the priority areas for her work and the strategies she intends to use to achieve progress in implementing the mandate entrusted to her, which builds upon the recommendations of the United Nations study on violence against children (see A/61/299).
Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography
Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution A/RES/54/263 of 25 May 2000 entered into force on 18 January 2002
Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989
Entry into force 2 September 1990, in accordance with article 49
This report, which is based on the in-depth study of Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro, independent expert appointed by the Secretary-General pursuant to General-Assembly resolution 57/90 of 2002, provides a global picture of violence against children and proposes recommendations to prevent and respond to this issue. It provides information on the incidence of various types of violence against children within the family, schools, alternative care institutions and detention facilities, places where children work and communities. The Study is accompanied by a book which provides a more detailed account of the Study.
United Nations Principles and Guidelines on Access to Legal Aid in Criminal Justice Systems (A/RES/67/187)
United Nations Principles and Guidelines on Access to Legal Aid in Criminal Justice Systems
The General Assembly,
Recalling the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,1 which enshrines the key principles of equality before the law and the presumption of innocence, as well as the right to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, along with all the guarantees necessary for the defence of anyone charged with a penal offence, other minimum guarantees and the entitlement to be tried without undue delay,
In his 2008 report on small arms (S/2008/258), the Secretary-General provided an overview of the negative impact of illicit small arms on security, human rights and social and economic development, in particular in areas of conflict. The report indicated that the issue of small arms could not be addressed with arms control
measures alone; such measures needed to be part of a wider spectrum of policy solutions in which security, crime, human rights, health and development intersected.