Care and justice systems
Resolution on the Rights of the Child: Access to justice for Children - Human Rights Council (25th Session)
Rights of the child: access to justice for children
The Human Rights Council,
Emphasizing that the Convention on the Rights of the Childconstitutes the standard in the promotion and protection of the rights of the child, reaffirming that States parties to the Convention shall undertake all appropriate legislative, administrative and other measures for the implementation of the rights recognized therein, and, bearing in mind the importance of the Optional Protocols to the Convention, calling for their universal ratification and effective implementation, as well as of other human rights instruments,
Welcoming the twenty-fifth anniversary of the adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child,
SRSG welcomes adoption of ban on violence against children in Brazil (Portuguese version below/Versão em Português em baixo)
SRSG Santos Pais welcomes the enactment by President Dilma Rousseff of Law 13.010 which recognizes the right of the child to be cared for and educated without any form of corporal punishment or degrading treatment. The new law was enacted enters into force on 26 June 2014.
"The adoption of this new legislation marks an historic day for Brazilian children. It strengthens Brazil's efforts to safeguard children's rights and it gains a decisive global relevance as it increases the percentage of the world’s children protected by a legal ban against all forms of violence from 5% to 8%!" highlighted the Special Representative.
“The adoption of the Model Strategies on the Elimination of Violence against Children in Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice is a milestone in the world’s commitment towards the elimination of all forms of violence against children”, stressed SRSG Santos Pais.
Firmly anchored in the Convention on the Rights of the Child, this landmark text was adopted at the May 2014 session of the UNODC Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice and will be submitted to the upcoming session of the General Assembly.
Joint report of OHCHR, UNODC and SRSG on Violence against Children on prevention of and responses to violence against children within the juvenile justice system
Joint report of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, UNODC and the SRSG on Violence against Children on prevention of and responses to violence against child juvenile justice system
The present report, submitted pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 18/12, builds upon the 2006 United Nations Study on Violence against Children, which remains a foundational document for the prevention and elimination of all forms of violence against children in all settings, including within the juvenile justice system. This report describes the current situation of violence against children in the juvenile justice system, identifies the risks of violence to which children are exposed and analyses the systemic factors which contribute to violence. It provides a number of recommended strategies to prevent and respond to violence against children in the juvenile justice system.
Human Rights Council Resolution on the administration of justice, in particular juvenile justice (A/HRC/RES/18/12)
Human Rights Council
Agenda item 3
Promotion and protection of all human rights, civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, including the right to development
Resolution adopted by the Human Rights Council* 18/12
Human rights in the administration of justice, in particular juvenile justice
The Human Rights Council,
Recalling the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and all relevant international treaties, including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention on the Rights of the Child,
Summary report on the full-day meeting on access to justice for children - Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
The present report is submitted pursuant to Human Rights Council resolutions 22/32 and resolution 25/6, in which the Council requested the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to prepare a summary of the full-day meeting on the rights of the child. The report contains a summary of the discussions held on 13 March 2014 during the annual full-day meeting, the theme of which was access to justice for children.
Summary of the high-level panel discussion on the question of the death penalty - Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
The present report is submitted pursuant to Human Rights Council decision 22/117. It provides a summary of the high-level discussion on the question of the death penalty held on 5 March 2014 at the twenty-fifth session of the Council. The aim of the panel discussion was (a) the exchange of views on advances, best practices and challenges relating to the abolition of the death penalty and to the introduction of a moratorium on executions and (b) the exchange of views relating to national debates on or processes for the abolition of the death penalty.
Pursuant to Human Rights Council decision 18/117, the present report is submitted in order to update previous reports on the question of the death penalty. The report confirms that the trend towards the universal abolition of the death penalty is continuing. However, numerous concerns remain with regard to the lack of respect for international human rights norms and standards in States that still impose the death penalty. As requested in Human Rights Council resolution 22/11, the report also includes information on the human rights of children of parents sentenced to the death penalty or executed.
Still today, millions of girls continue to suffer the detrimental impact of physical, mental and sexual violence in the home, at school, in the community, in institutional care and in justice institutions. Evidence from some countries show that amongst the girls involved in prostitution and drug abuse, 80-90 percent have been exposed to sexual abuse and/or other forms of violence in their homes.
Sadly, these same girls are also often at risk of becoming involved with the criminal justice system. Due to their young age and gender, girls are at double disadvantage: on the one hand, they are criminalized for offences that are not foreseen for adults, such as status offences; on the other hand, they may risk being criminalized for offences based on gender norms, such as moral crimes and strict dress codes that do not apply to boys.
Resolution on Human Rights in the Administration of Justice, including Juvenile Justice - Human Rights Council (24th Session)
Human rights in the administration of justice, including juvenile justice
The Human Rights Council,
Recalling the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and all relevant international treaties, including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment and the Optional Protocol thereto, as well as the Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, and encouraging all States that have not ratified or acceded to the afore-mentioned treaties to consider doing so expeditiously,