Lima Declaration on Restorative Juvenile Justice

04/11/2009

 

Introduction
 
The First World Congress on Restorative Juvenile Justice was organised by the Foundation Terre des hommes (Lausanne), in cooperation with the Public Prosecutor of Peru, the Pontificia Universidad Católica of Perú and the Association Encuentros-Casa de la Juventud and was held in Lima from 4-7 November 2009. About 1000 participants from 63 countries on five different continents representing governments, the judiciary, civil society, in particular NGO’s, and organisations of professionals working with or for children, the media, the academic world and UN agencies attended the Congress to discuss different aspects of restorative juvenile justice guided by the objectives of the Congress:
 
- to reflect upon the concept of Restorative Juvenile Justice and to undertake a critical viability analysis;
- to examine the methodology and instruments of Restorative Juvenile Justice;
- to evaluate the situation of the victim in Restorative Juvenile Justice and the need for her/his protection and reparation of damages;
- to exchange experiences and lessons learned and good practices of Restorative Juvenile Justice worldwide;
- to elaborate and present some recommendations for the development and implementation of Restorative Juvenile Justice.
 
In the discussions in panel sessions, specialised conferences and workshops the participants were guided and inspired by, amongst others, the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and General Comment no. 10 of the CRC Committee on “The rights of the child in juvenile justice”, the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, the UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (the Beijing Rules), Resolution 2002/12 of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) on Basic Principles on the use of Restorative Justice Programmes in Criminal Matters, the UN Guidelines on Justice in Matters involving Child Victims and Witnesses of Crimes (ECOSOC Resolution 2005/20), the Handbook on Restorative Justice Programmes of the UN Office against Drugs and Crimes (UNODC) and relevant regional human rights instruments.
 
This Declaration reflects the deliberations during the Congress and contains a set of Recommendations for further actions to promote, develop and implement the restorative approach as an integral part of Juvenile Justice.