Status of the Convention on the Rights of the Child - Realizing the right to education for all children


Realizing the right to education for all children

A. Human right of children to education 

(...) The right of the child to education is expressed in articles 28 and 29 of the Convention and is supported by other internationally recognized human rights, such as those set out in article 13 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, article 10 of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, and article 24 of the Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities. In the Convention on the Rights of the Child, States Parties are called upon to make primary education compulsory and free to all, on the basis of equal opportunity (art. 28). They are also called upon to make secondary education, including general and vocational education, available and accessible to all children, to make higher education accessible to all, and to take measures to encourage regular attendance at school and to reduce drop-out rates. Outlined in article 29 of the Convention are the central aims of education, which include the development of the child’s personality, talents and abilities; of respect for human rights; and of respect for his or her parents, cultural identity, language and values; the preparation of the child for responsible life in a free society; and the development of respect for the natural environment. The right to education is guided by the Convention’s core principles of non-discrimination (art. 2); the best interests of the child (art. 3); the right to life, survival and development (art. 6); and the right to express views and have them be given due weight (art. 12)