Analytical Regional Studies on Violence against Children

 

The African Report on Violence against Children

Foreword SRSG Marta Santos Pais and 
Chair ACERWC Benyam Dawit Mezmur
 
Following a joint request by the Special Representative of the Secretary General on Violence against Children (SRSG VAC) and the African Committee of experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (ACERWC) for more country-specific evidence of violence against children in Africa, the African Child Policy forum (ACPf) embarked on a number of country-based studies. 
 
This report, the African Report on Violence against Children, reflects an analysis of these findings together with those from other significant surveys and studies. The report helps to gain deeper understanding of the extent and depth of incidents of violence committed against children in Africa, and crucially it includes a reflection of children’s own perspectives and experiences.
 
While much has been achieved, this report highlights that violence is widespread in Africa, as it is around the world. The report highlights what needs to be done from a legal, policy and programmatic perspective to protect children from violence and identifies key priority areas for action. it is also unique, in that, while not entirely exhaustive, it provides a pan-African perspective in many different contexts in Africa.
 
The launch of this report coincides with the 25th and 24th anniversaries of the adoption of the un Convention on the Rights of the Child (unCRC) and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (ACRWC) respectively. it provides a timely and sound contribution to support
 
African governments in their efforts to overcome persisting and emerging challenges in this area, and to seize opportunities for improvement in violence prevention and children’s effective protection from violence in Africa.(...)

Study on the follow-up to the implementation of the UN Study on Violence against Children for the Caribbean

Foreword SRSG Marta Santos Pais

"In 2001, the Committee on the Rights of the Child called for a comprehensive UN study on violence against children. A widely participatory process was set in motion for its development in which a wide range of actors within and beyond the United Nations system took part, including States, civil society organizations, religious leaders and children and adolescents.

As part of this process, nine regional consultations on violence against children were held, the very first convened in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago. With this important meeting, the Caribbean region initiated a crucial process of regional involvement and ownership in favour of children’s protection from violence.

The Caribbean region remains a crucial ally in this process. In 2012, the Government of Jamaica, in cooperation with Caribbean Community (CARICOM), UNICEF, the Global Movement for Children in Latin America and Caribbean and my own Office, hosted a high level Regional Consultation on the Follow-up to the Recommendations of the UN Study on Violence against Children for countries in the region.

The Regional Study illustrates a wide spectrum of experiences to gear cross-fertilization of experiences, as well as areas where progress can be steadily achieved.

The Caribbean Analytical Study highlights significant efforts that are being undertaken to raise awareness about the dramatic impact of violence on the enjoyment of children’s rights, and to place violence against children at the centre of the public debate and on the policy agenda. Critical initiatives within the region demonstrate this well. As captured by the contributions made by States. (...)"

Mapeo Región América del Sur Implementación de las Recomendaciones del Estudio Mundial sobre la Violenciacontra los Niños y Niñas

Prefacio SRSG Marta Santos Pais

"Es para mí una gran satisfacción presentar el Mapeo Región América del Sur sobre la Implementación de las Recomendaciones del Estudio Mundial sobre la Violencia contra los Niños y Niñas. Este mapeo es uno de los principales resultados del procesoregional promovido en alianza con los Estados de América del Sur, con el Capítulo Latinoamericano ydel Caribe del Movimiento Mundial por la Infancia (mmi-clac) en el que están representados unicefy una fuerte coalición de representantes de la sociedad civil, y con la participación de las niñas, niñosy adolescentes, para dar seguimiento a las recomendaciones del Estudio Mundial.

El mapeo analiza el progreso alcanzado en la implementación de las tres recomendaciones priorizadas por mi mandato. El resultado del análisis regional muestra resultados muy positivos que evidencian las acciones promovidas a nivel de fortalecimiento del derecho interno de los Estados para prevenir y proteger a la infancia frente a la violencia. 

(…)El proceso promovido para la elaboración del mapeo ha permitido identificar progresos y desafíos en materia de lucha contra la violencia contra los niños en Sudamérica. 

Tengo la convicción de que el mapeo y la hoja de ruta regional continuarán siendo un referente político y técnico fundamental para continuar fortaleciendo los esfuerzos regionales y nacionales con la finalidad de asegurar una región sudamericana donde la violencia contra los niños no tenga lugar."

Mapeo Estado de situación de los países de Centroamérica, México, Cuba, y República Dominicana en relación con la violencia contralos niños, niñas y adolescentes en seguimiento al Estudio de Naciones Unidas sobre la Violencia contra los Niños

Prólogo SRSG Marta Santos Pais

"Este importante Mapeo es el resultado de un proceso amplio, comprehensivo y participativo desarrollado durante mi mandato como Representante Especial del Secretario General sobre la Violencia contra los Niños para avanzar el proceso de implementación de las recomendaciones del Estudio sobre la Violencia contra los Niños. El Mapeo fue promovido en el marco de la alianza estratégica con el Movimiento Mundial por la Infancia en América Latina y El Caribe (MMI-LAC).

Como acertadamente identifica el Mapeo, la agenda regional debe integrar la obligación de los Estados de garantizar la integración de un enfoque comprensivo de los derechos humanos, incluyendo los derechos de las niñas, niños y adolescentes en todos los contextos, entre ellos la agenda de la seguridad pública. Por ello, a partir de las iniciativas promovidas conjuntamente con el MMI-LAC, desde mi mandato continuaremos trabajando cercanamente con el SICA y con los Estados de la región con la finalidad de contribuir a integrar un enfoque comprensivo de los derechos del niño en los esfuerzos regionales que trascienden la temática de la prevención de la violencia juvenil, y promuevan la consolidación de una visión regional que respeta y protege los derechos del niño, la niña y el adolescente.

Finalmente, me gustaría subrayar que este Mapeo constituye una nueva línea de base sobre la situación de la violencia contra la niñez en Centroamérica, que identifica prácticas y esfuerzos positivos; así como, los grandes desafíos que persisten en materia de protección de la infancia frente a la violencia. Las conclusiones del Mapeo; así como, la Declaración de Santo Domingo y la Hoja de Ruta Regional formulada por los participantes en el Encuentro Centroamericano de Seguimiento al Estudio Mundial son herramientas estratégicas para generar sinergias, consolidar progresos y avanzar hacia el desarrollo de una región donde ninguna forma de violencia es tolerada."

Second Comparative Arab Report on Implementing the Recomendations of the UN Secretary-General's Study on Violence against Children

Foreword by Ambassador Faeqa Saeed AlSaleh, Assistant Secretary General LAS

"Since the 1980s, there has been a continuous development of interest in rights of children in the Arab region. This was reinforced by the entry into force of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) and its two Optional Protocols. With the third millennium, interest in the situation of Arab children was further reinforced with the rights of the child gaining priority on the agendas of Arab Summit conferences since the Amman Summit (2001) to the Baghdad Summit (2012), in addition to the deliberations of specialized Arab ministerial councils. Thus, the Baghdad Summit adopted the “Marrakech Declaration” issued by the Fourth Arab High Level Conference on the Rights of the Child (2010) as a fiveyear commitment by Member States to improve the situation of children in the Arab region.This Declaration emphasised the necessity of designing programmes that provide preventive, supportive and care services to child victims of violence, while applying corrective measures and ending impunity by strengthening punishments on crimes committed against children in all forms. The Marrakech conference also called for the adoption of national strategies to combat violence against children and legislate against all its manifestations.
The concern of the League of Arab States with ending violence against children reflects awareness of the negative results of this phenomenon on development, social peace and the future of the Arab region. This position has directed the activities of the Follow-up Committee on Ending Violence Against Children, which is a sub-committee of the Arab Childhood Committee
(ACC) established by the Arab Council of Ministers of Social Affairs. From the start of its first meeting, this Committee brought together representatives of Member States to take a keen interest in monitoring Arab and international efforts to protect children against all forms of violence and related issues, particularly legislation and laws aiming at ending violence against children. One important achievement of this Committee was the release of the First Comparative Arab Report on Implementing the Recommendations of the UN Secretary- General’s Study on Violence Against Children representing a global model for other regions, with the English version launched in October 2011 during the 66th Session of the UN General Assembly, with the participation of the UNICEF Executive Director Mr. Antony Lake, together with Mr. Luca Zelioli, Deputy Chairperson of the Third Committee of the UNGA and Ms. Marta Santos Pais, the UNSRSG on VAC in addition to representatives of international and regional organisations.
To emphasise the Arab commitment to ending all forms of VAC, the LAS Secretariat has endeavoured to ensure the periodic release of the Comparative Arab Report on Implementing the Recommendations of the UN Secretary- General’s Study on VAC every two years, particularly in view of the circumstances and variables affecting the Arab region. This second report covering the period 2010-12 also reflects the continued cooperation with the the Followup Committee on Ending Violence Against Children, as well as the office of the United Nations Secretary General’s Special Representative on VAC and the UNICEF Regional Office for the Middle East and North Africa. It covers several important issues in the context of VAC, including
the international commitment of states, the position of Arab states towards international conventions and instruments on the rights of the child, and the steps taken to implement the proposed programmes and activities recommended by the UNSG’s Study on VAC. This report also discusses the general legal framework for protecting children from all forms of VAC and
protecting children from violence in schools and in emergency situations. It also includes a review of independent national institutions for the rights of the child and safe reporting and complaint mechanisms as well as the management of VAC data systems in the Arab region. Finally, the Secretariat of the League of Arab States expresses its thanks and appreciation to
Dr. Elie Mekhael, the lead expert, the UNICEF Regional Office for the Middle East and North Africa and Ms. Marta Santos Pais, SRSG on Violence Against Children for the effort exerted in preparing this report. 

The Comparative Arab Report on Implementing the Recomendations of the UN Secretary-General's Study on Violence against Children

                 Foreword by Dr. Sima Bahous, Assistant Secretary

"The Social Sector at the League of Arab States (LAS) is pleased to present “The Comparative Arab Report on Implementing the Recommendations of The UN Secretary-General’s Study on Violence against children”, which was prepared by the Department of Family and Childhood (DFC), in its capacity as the Technical Secretariat of the Arab Childhood Committee. Following extensive regional consultations on the efforts of Arab States to protect children against violence, and a study conducted to this end, this Comparative Arab Report evaluates the efforts of 19 Arab countries to end violence against children, and presents a pan-Arab vision of future steps needed to provide protection for children against all forms of violence and abuse.

The Comparative Arab Report was first launched in Beirut – Lebanon in 2011 in the presence of representatives of States members of the League of Arab States and the United Nations Secretary- General’s Special Representative on Violence Against Children (UNSRSG). The Report was also presented during the Fourth High-Level Arab Conference on the Rights of the Child (Marrakesh 2010) as one of the key reference documents for The Second Arab Plan of Action for Childhood. It is recognized in the Annual Report of the UNSGSR to the United Nations General Assembly (65/A/262) as “the first regional initiative worldwide in this respect, and the foundation for identifying needed reforms in the area of legislation related to ending violence against children”.

The findings of this Arab Comparative Report indicate that, in general, the Arab states have made considerable progress in recognizing the problem of violence against children, in developing policies, and enacting necessary legislations, and, in building institutions and establishing counter-violence mechanisms. It includes a policy document on actionable recommendations, and a list of proposed programmes and activities.

I would also like to express gratitude to all the institutions and bodies that are addressing the issues of children and violence against children in the Arab World. And, last but not least, I extend special thanks to Mrs. Marta Santos Pais, the UNSRSG on Violence Against Children for her dedicated efforts, and to UNICEF MENARO for their support."